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                           Food

                                                                          












Flaxseed oil















Feeding our dogs has always been a big subject of discussion. There are many proposals and good advices. This causes that most people are feeding with ready-food . It can be good and the correct nutrition, but I think it is an impassable jungle to find the right food  -  mind you a food, which the dogs like, and not put on weight.!!
I think I have tried all food brands of a good quality, but none of them my Pomeranians could be doing fine with. Either they would not eat it, or some of them became overweighted.
In 2005 I began to prepare their food, and it has resulted in:
 -  Nothing is wasted
 - All my dogs are normal weighty
 - They feel much more comfortable.
                         In addition it is much cheaper !!


The weekly plan for the feeding of my dogs ( 25 g per kg Dog):
1st day: Tripe
2nd day: Meat with bones,cartilage and offal
3rd day: Fish with bones
4th day: Meat without bones
5th day:
Meat with bones,cartilage and offal
6th day: Tripe
7th day:  Bones ( 50 g per kg Dog) + 12,5 g Meat without bones per kg Dog - minus Hokamix and
flaxseed oil

Actually should the Dogs only have Bones Th 7th day, but my tiny Dogs don´t eat the Bones, but only rodent the meat off.
This has
shown to be effectively
to tartar !



To each dog daily:

A) 1 tablespoonful blended light boiled vegetables as for instance:
     -  Carrots
     -  Peas
     -  Cauliflower
     -  Green Beans
NEVER ever use Broccoli, which is poisonous to dogs!!!
Red Cabbage and Cabbage have too strong a taste. Raw onion is poison to a dog.


B) 1 tablespoonful of following:
     - blended softened Bread
     o
r
     - softened prepared Riceflakes / boiled rice (boiled for 1 hour)

    
  
C)  Raw meat after the weekly plan :

I blend it all because the dogs nearly guzzle the food, and because one of my dogs almost choked on a piece of Carrot, and
add Hokamix combi + 1 tablespoonful flaxseed oil.


Puppy-feeding:
From 3 weeks old:

1/2 dl 
oatmeal boiled in water + 1/2 dl Junket with 1 tsp sugar + 20 g raw Meat without bones per kg Dog + 1 tsp flaxseed oil +1 g Hokamix Combi + 1/2 tsp Calcium ( divided at 4 meals)

3 - 8 weeks old:
Oatmeal and Junket replaced
gradually with rice and vegetables. Provided still 1/2 dl Junket with 1/2 tsp sugar.

From 8 weeks old to the adults age ( about 8 Months old):

The Adult ration divided at 3 meals + 1/2 tsp sugar with 1/2 dl Junket + 1/2 tsp Calcium.

From 8 Months old to 12 Months old:

The Adult ration divided at 2 meals .

From 12 Months old:

The Adult ration  once a day.

The Puppies can also have raw Bones from calf / lamb or fowl once a week from they are 4 - 5 weeks old, but yet the Puppies must  have the daily ration food offered.


























































Cottage Cheese






Vegetable oil










Salmon oil







Liver

Diet-food

This diet-food may be used at disorders, which needed diet-food for the whole life of your dog or just to the disorder gets over.

Light- digestly food:
Can be used at: Fracture, thyroid disorders, hormon disorders (Cushings syndrome) , puppyfeeding, diarré, pregnant females, koprofagi (eats faeces), liver disorders with diarré, treatment after an operation.
Must be given 4-6 times daily in small helpings.


0.1936 pints Oatmeal or broken Wheat seed
0.616 pints Cottage Cheese
1 hardboiled Egg

2 teaspoonful fried Beer-yeast
3 tablespoonful  vegetable oil
1 teaspoonful Salt
1/2 crushed vitamin pill (Chrisco)


Boil oatmeal with water and salt to a weight of 1 pound. Mince the egg and add it to the porridge.
Cool the porridge and add the rest of the ingredients. It will give 2.2 pounds.
A dog, who weighs 5.5 pounds must have 8.1 ounces daily.

NOTE!
At koprofagi:  Add 1 tablespoonful fresh pineapple in small pieces



Limited protein diet:
Can be used at: Old age with weakening and tiredness, liver disorders in early stage, kidney disorders and at kidney failure, preventive at urine stone and as maintenance- food.
4.056 ounces minced Pork
0.792 pints boiled Rice
1 hardboiled Egg
3 slices of white Bread
1/2 crushed vitamin pill (Chrisco)

Brown the meat, pour the fat from it and let the meat cool. If it seems too dry, then add water.
It will give 1.257 pounds. Must be kept in the Refrigerater.
A dog, who weighs 5.5 pounds must have 4 ounces daily.



Limited purin/fosfor diet:
Can be used at: Kidney disorders and kidney failure and chronic urine stone.
0.968 pints Rice
2 tablespoonful vegetable oil
1 big Egg
1/4 teaspoonful Salt
1/2 crushed vitamin pill (Chrisco)
Boil the rice with salt. Hardboil the egg and choped it. Add the rest and mix it carefully. Weight = 17.637 ounces.
A dog, who weighs 5.5 pounds must have 4 ounces daily.

Low fat content - slimming diet:
Can be used at: Constipation and overweight/fatness
4.056 ounces minced Turkeymeat/Chickenmeat
0.1936 lean Cottage Cheese
0.792 ounces boiled Carrots
0.792 ounces boiled green Beans

1/2 crushed vitamin pill (Chrisco)
Brown the meat, , pour the fat from, and let it cool. Add the blended carrots and beans. Add the rest and mix carefully. Weight = 28 ounces. The food must be kept in the Refrigerator, and no other food must be given!!!
A dog, who weighs 5.5 pounds must have 5.25 ounces daily.
If you want to give a good-bit, then give a little piece of vegetable.

Low salt diet:
Can be used at: Heart disorders with water mount up in the body
4.056 ounces lean minced Meat
0.792 pints Rice
1 tablespoonful vegetable oil (grape seed oil)
1/2 crushed vitamin pill (Chrisco)
Boil the rice without salt.Boil the meat. Blend it all and cool. The food must be kept in the Refrigerator. This diet must be given 4 - 6 tims daily in small helpings.
A dog who weighs 5.5 pounds must have 5.25 ounces daily.


Allergy diet:
Can be used at: Allergy because of food.
4.056 ounces minced Chickenmeat or Lamb without fat.
0.22 pints Rice
1 tablespoonful Salmon oil
1/2 crushed vitamin pill (Chrisco)
Boil the meal. Boil the rice. Blend it and cool. Weight = 11.9 ounces. The food must be kept in the refrigerator.
A dog, who weighs 5.5 pounds must have 5.25 ounces daily.
This is basic feeding. From this you will have to to find what your dog can take without an allergic reaction.
Attempt with one kind of food at a time. You can use boiled fish instead of chickenmeat and Lamb.

Stimulating and constructing diet:
Can be used at: Anaemic ( Find the cause too!!), puppyfeeding, pregnant females and as maintenance food.
4.056 ounces Liver
0.44 pints Rice
1 tablespoonful Salmon oil
1 tablespoonful Sugar
1 pinch Salt
1/2 crushed vitamin pill (Chrisco)
Boil the liver and the rice with salt and blend it all. Add the rest and mix carefully.
A dog , who weighs 5.5 pound must have 4 ounces daily.


 
































       


                              Dangerous poison in the Food

                                                               
Contents of this subject:



















































Dark Chocolate











Cocoanut






















Grape

















Raisin






































Daffodil

Narcissus

Tulip


Union












Potatoflower



Potatos








































































Lily of the Valley


Elderberry


Ivy


Christmas Rose


Buttercup


Aloe Vera












Chocolate



To dogs, chocolate is delicious, but potentially lethal. The cocoa bean, from which chocolate is produced, contains a drug called theobromine. This is closely related to caffeine, which chocolate also contains. The toxicity of chocolate for dogs is due to its theobromine content. Chocolate poisoning is very serious. It contains a long lasting, very potent toxin that can cause death. This toxicity is largely unfamiliar to most people, who may not worry too much if their dog is a bit sick after eating a quantity of chocolate

If you know your pet has ingested large quantities of chocolate, do not wait for symptoms to occur,  induce vomiting and take him to the vet immediately!

Symptoms of Chocolate Poisoning:

Symptoms occur within a few hours, but have been known to be delayed for as long as 24 hours. It can take as long as 3 days for the dog to recover completely

Vomiting
Diarrhea
Urinary Incontinence
Hyperactivity
Rapid Breathing and Heart Rate
Muscle Tremors
Seizures
Coma


Dangerous Quantities of Chocolate :

The dog´s Weight Amount of Milk Chocolate Amount of Unsweetened Chocolate Approx. Amount of Thebromide
5 Lbs.   4 oz. 1/2 oz. 225 mg


Types of Chokolate listed in order of toxicity:
Cocoa Beans
Cocoa Powder
Plain/Baking Chocolate
Dark/Bittersweet Chocolate
Milk Chocolate
Chocolate Drink Mixes
White Chocolate
(most contains no real chocolate at all)





Grape and Raisin



Although many dog owners and dog trainers have traditionally used raisins and grapes as treats, RAISINS AND GRAPES IN LARGE QUANTITIES CAN BE LETHAL TO DOGS.  As few as a handful of raisins or grapes can make a dog ill.
 
If your dog has ingested large quantities of raisins or grapes, (s)he will immediately begin to vomit repeatedly, and will become extremely hyperactive and jittery.  After about 24 hours, the dog will become lethargic and depressed.  (S)he may experience abdominal pain and may stop urinating, drinking, and/or eating.   (S)he will also become dehydrated.  Both his/her vomit and feces will contain partially digested raisins or grapes.  His/her breathing may become irregular, and (s)he will also become hypercalcemic (high calcium concentrations) and hyperphosphosphatemic
Ultimately, without treatment, the dog will go into renal (kidney) failure, and may die a horrible very painful death.

The best cure for an overdose, of course, is prevention.  Because dogs can get hold of raisins or grapes from a variety of sources—the kitchen counter, the coffee table, vines in a private vineyard, a child’s lunch box—DOG PROOF YOUR VINEYARDS & REMOVE RAISINS AND GRAPES FROM CANINE REACH.  Do not feed your dog raisins/grapes as treats so that you can avoid him/her “getting a taste for them”.  Remember that raisins are even more concentrated (and hence more toxic) than grapes—approximately 4 pounds of grapes equal 1 pound of raisins. 

However, if you suspect your dog has eaten a large amount of raisins or grapes, take your dog to a veterinarian immediately.  Have your veterinarian initiate decontamination measures, and administer fluids and/or dialysis to assist/restart the dog’s kidneys.  Be aware that initially your veterinarian may suspect rat poison as the above symptoms are very similar to the symptoms of rat poison.

It  is unable to determine the cause of renal (kidney) failure.  Possibilities include 1) an agent in grapes and raisins themselves;
2) fungicides, herbicides, or pesticides contamination;

3) heavy metals;
4) high amounts of Vitamin D;
5) fungus or mold contamination
.

Information on raisin and grape toxicity is still very new; therefore, your veterinarian and fellow dog owners may not yet be aware of the danger. 

For more information about grapes and raisin toxicity and/or all substances toxic to dogs and other animals, please see the ASCPA Animal Poison Control Center Website

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms appear 6- 24 hours after the dog has eaten raisins or grapes ( average is 12 hours).:

   Vomiting
  Diarrha
  Depression/lethargy
  Anorexia
  Colic
  Dehydration
  Sharply decreased urine output

The course of the toxicosis is anywhere from 3 days to 3 weeks. Dogs with kidney problems have a guarded to poor prognosis.

GET TO VET AS SOON AS POSSIBLE!!

How many grapes/raisins  would poison your Pomeranian?

Grape:
                      
The Dog´s weight  
How many Grapes?
5 lbs. 4 grapes could be deadly !!

            
Raisins:
                      
The Dog´s weight 
How many Raisins?
5 lbs. 10 raisens could be deadly!!

            





Onion




Onion and garlic poisoning   

Onions and garlic are other dangerous food ingredients that cause sickness in dogs. Onions and garlic contain the toxic ingredient thiosulphate. Onions are more of a danger.
Dogs affected by onion toxicity will develop haemolytic anaemia, where the dog´s red blood cells burst while circulating in its body.
At first, dogs affected by onion poisoning show gastroenteritis with vomiting and diarrhoea. They will show no interest in food and will be dull and weak. The red pigment from the burst blood cells appears in an affected animal’s urine and it becomes breathless. The breathlessness occurs because the red blood cells that carry oxygen through the body are reduced in number.
The poisoning occurs a few days after the pet has eaten the onion. All forms of onion can be a problem including dehydrated onions, raw onions, cooked onions and table scraps containing cooked onions and/or garlic. Left over pizza, Chinese dishes and commercial baby food containing onion, sometimes fed as a supplement to young pets, can cause illness
Onion poisoning can occur with a single ingestion of large quantities or with repeated meals containing small amounts of onion. A single meal of 150 to 200 grams of raw onion can be dangerous to a
2,5 kilogram dog, fed 38 grams of onion for several days, is also likely to develop anaemia. The condition improves once the dog is prevented from eating any further onion.

While garlic also contains the toxic ingredient thiosulphate, it seems that garlic is less toxic and large amounts would need to be eaten to cause illness.

Garlic may not be your favorite cologne and it’s not the flea’s favorite smell either. When your dog eats garlic, the smell is excreted through the dog’s skin making your dog less likely to be the flea’s next meal.

Garlic can help rebuild the immune system





Raw Potato  






Potato poisonings among  dogs have occurred. Solanum alkaloids can be found in green sprouts and green potato skins, which occurs when the tubers are exposed to sunlight during growth or after harvest. The relatively rare occurrence of actual poisoning is due to several factors: solanine is poorly absorbed; it is mostly hydrolyzed into less toxic solanidinel; and the metabolites are quickly eliminated. Note that cooked, mashed potatoes are fine for dogs, actually quite nutritious and digestible.

Cooked and mashed potatoes are good for dogs.

General symptoms of poisoning:

breathing, labored
coma
pupil dilation




Broccoli




There has been a bit of confusion where broccoli is concerned.  Broccoli is very good for dogs, however, if the daily intake exceeds more than 10% of the animals diet – problems can occur.  The toxic substance is isothiocyanate and can cause gastrointestinal irritation.




Coffee ,Tea and Cola



Theobromin, coffein and thophyllin can be found in Coffee, Tea and Cola. It has an effect on the Nervous system and the Heart.






Fat Food


Fatty foods are hard for a dog to digest and can can overtax the pancreas, leading to pancreatitis. This can threaten your dogs health and is potentially fatal.

You must avoid to give the dog:
Turkey skin is currently thought to cause acute pancreatis in dogs, partly due to it's high  fat content.
Fat Food




Nuts




Walnuts are poisonous to dogs and should be avoided. Many nuts are not good for dogs in general; their high phosporus content is said to possibly lead to bladder stones.
Walnuts can  also cause gastroenteritis and are considered poisonous to dogs.  Macadamia nuts contain an unknown compound, which can cause muscle tremors, weakness and paralysis of the hindquarters – luckily these symptoms last a short time. 

In fact most nuts are not good for a dogs health .









Seeds in Fruit


Apple seeds, cherry pits, peach pits, and plum pits contain the toxin cyanide.

Signs of cyanide poisoning include vomiting, heavy breathing, apnea tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, coma, skin irritation.
In some cases, antidotes are available. Other treatments include oxygen therapy, fluids and supportive care.




















Toxic Plants


Alocasia Cordatum Jimsonweed Java Bean (seed)
Aloe Vera Corn (Cornstalk) Plant Jonquil (bulb) Jerusalem Cherry
Amaryllis (bulb) Corydalis Kalanchoe Jessamine
Andromeda Crotalaria (seed) Laburnum Pencil Cactus
Apple (leaf & stem) Croton Larkspur Peony
Appleseed (cyanide) Crown of Thorns Laurel Philodendron
Arrowgrass Cuban Laurel Lilly of the Valley (bulb) Poinsettia
Autumn Crocus (bulb) Cycad Locoweed Poison Ivy
Avocado (seed) Cyclamen Lupine Pokeweed (root)
Azalea Daffodil (bulb) Manchineel Potato (not tuber)
Bird of Paradise (seed pod) Daphne Marble Queen Precatory Bean
Bittersweet Death Camas (bulb) Marigold Primrose
Black Locust Delphinium Marijuana Privet
Bleeding Heart Dieffenbachia May Apple (root) Rayless Goldenrod
Boxwood Dumb Cane Medicine Plant Rhododendron
Buckeye (seed) Easter Lily Mistletoe (berries) Rhubarb
Buddhist Pine Eggplant (not fruit) Monkshood Snow on the Mountain
Buttercup Elephant's Ear Morning Glory Star of Bethlehem (bulb)
Caladium English Ivy Mushrooms Stinging Nettle
Calamondin Orange Elderberry Narcissus (bulb) String of Pearls/Beads
Calla Lily Fava Bean (seed) Nightshade Taxus
Castor Bean Fiddle-Leaf Fig Oleander Toadstool
Cherry (leaf & stem) Finger Cherry (fruit) Onion Tobacco
Cherry Pit (cyanide) Foxglove Pea Tomato (not fruit)
Chokecherry Ground Cherry (not fruit) Peach Tulip (bulb)
Christmas Rose Hemlock Iris (bulb) Walnuts
Chrysanthemum Holly (berries) Japanese Yew Water Hemlock (tuber)
Cineraria Hyacinth (bulb) Jasmine (berries) Wild Aconite
Climbing Lily Hydrangea Indian Tobacco Wisteria



Yew





Dieffenbachia

Mistletoe

Laburnum

Holly